HOW TO MAKE YOUR OWN FRUIT SALAD TREES
Monday, 23 February 2015 17:43
Fruit salad trees are actually real; you actually CAN grow multiple types of fruits grown on one tree! “How is this possible,” you ask? Introducing: The grafting technique! The grafting technique unites the tissues of two or more plants so they grow as one single plant. One plant in the graft is called the rootstock, selected for its healthy or hardy root system. The other plants are chosen for their fruit, flower or leaves, which are called sc
How to use the grafting technique:
You can join the rootstock and scion by removing a branch from a plant whose fruit you want to produce and cut the broken branch end into a V-shape and this will expose the tissue of dividing cells. Then you will want to cut the root lengthwise exposing its tissues and wedge the scion inside, so that both rootstock and scion tissues are touching. Over the next few weeks the scion and rootstock fuse there internal tissues and grow around the graft.
Farmers have been grafting fruit trees and other crops for thousands of years, but most grafts involve only two plants. The basic idea is to attach whatever kind of plant you want to grow into a root system that is well adapted to the local soil.
Interesting enough is that Florida oranges have lemon roots; California lemon trees have orange roots. Plums can be grown on cherry trees and apricots on peach trees. Quite amazing.
In addition to increasing yield, grafting can improve resistance to bacteria, viruses and fungi, attract a more diverse group of pollinators and provide a sturdy trunk for delicate ornamental plants. In many cases, grafting is the most reliable way to propagate fruit trees because apples, citrus fruits and many others are not “true to seed”—if you plant the seeds from such fruit, the new generation will not necessarily produce the same fruit as their parents. Instead, you might get something completely different—a grapefruit from a lime, a lemon from an orange—or a genetic surprise.
Main advantage of multi-graft plants like fruit salad trees is convenience. Doesn’t take up as much room as it would if had to plant all the different trees. There are many combinations you can do such as:
Stone fruit salad trees grow peaches, plums, nectarines, apricots and peachcots
Citrus Salad trees grow oranges, mandarins, lemons, limes, grapefruit, tangelos and pomelos
Multi apple trees have between 2 and four kinds of apples
Multi Nashi tree produces between 2 and four different Asian pears
And all on the same tree. Simply amazing!!!